See our Travel With Confidence hub for the latest information Covid-19 to and where you can currently travel. Click here for the latest travel advice.

Many people are unsure as to what, when and how often they need vaccinations when travelling abroad so we have created a list below with details the most common vaccinations and general guidance on each.

If you are unsure of your vaccination history, you should always check with your GP. It is also wise to check for the latest up-to-date information before you depart on your trip and you can check the latest vaccination requirements for a country using the vaccinations button on our website or at

Cholera (Two doses of the vaccine will help protect against cholera for two years. The level of protection gradually reduces over time, so you’ll need a booster if you continue to travel to areas where there is a risk)

Diphtheria (Vaccinations should cover someone against diphtheria for the rest of their life. However, if travelling or working in countries where there’s a risk of diphtheria, it’s worth having a booster every 10 years)

Hepatitis A (A booster is recommended after 6-12 months to provide protection for 25 years)

Hepatitis B (A course of vaccinations should provide lifelong protection but we recommend you check with an approved vaccination clinic)

Japanese encephalitis (If you are at prolonged risk of infection, you should have a booster injection 12 to 24 months after the initial vaccination)

Meningitis ACWY (A booster dose is recommended after five years for those travellers who are at risk of the disease again)

Polio (If it’s been 10 years or more since your last vaccination, you should have a booster – and in some countries, you may need a booster if it’s been 12 months since your last vaccination. Some countries also require proof of vaccination, so make sure you double check before travelling)

Rabies (How long the rabies vaccination lasts depends on your exposure risk. A once-only booster can be considered a year after completing the primary course)

Tick-borne encephalitis (Following a course of three vaccinations, a first booster dose should be given after three years. For those aged between two and 60 years, subsequent boosters can be given five yearly if at continued risk. For travellers over 60 years, boosters should be given every three years if at continued risk. Please note that TBE vaccinations aren’t available on the NHS)

Tetanus (Five doses of tetanus vaccine are considered to be enough to be protected for life but precautions need to be taken when travelling abroad as tetanus is found worldwide. If you’ve never had a tetanus jab before, or your latest vaccination was over 10 years ago and you’re travelling, you’re recommended to be vaccinated beforehand)

Typhoid (The vaccination protects against typhoid for three years, however it’s important to understand the vaccine isn’t 100% effective. You should practise other good food and water hygiene measures to reduce your risk)

Yellow fever (The yellow fever vaccination provides lifelong protection and certificates are valid for life. Booster injections aren’t needed for most travellers)